Which researchers besides linguists were involved in the documentation or could be interested in the data? An exception is the sounds of language, since it was impossible to preserve the sound of speech of our ancestors until not fairly recently: the first recordings of a human voice that we can listen to are dated only to the second half of 19th century and are therefore very ‘young’ compared to the most ancient written documents reaching back many centuries in the past. When looking at the technical quality we must yet admit that the best recordings can be obtained in an anechoic chamber of a recording studio rather than in the language’s natural environment. Remember that you will probably wish to sort your files by names. In other words: if you have access to an endangered language (for example, a dialect your grandmother speaks), you may of course just make a quick recording with your smartphone and put it onto YouTube or other website (and if you surf the Internet you will see that many people do just that) – but this is not how professional language documentation is done. The field of language documentation in the modern context involves a complex and ever-evolving set of tools and methods, and the study and development of their use - and, especially, identification and promotion of best practices - can be considered a sub-field of language documentation proper. Remember the signatures! Have you heard of any recordings, videos, TV programmes or books about or in that language? PHP-GTK related documentation is hosted on the PHP-GTK website. A communicative event includes more than speech, and to understand what is going on we also need information, for example, about gestures, face expressions, the broader situational context, the presence of third parties, or artefacts used at the time of the recording. [5] Lüpke, F. (2010). C �` ҋ�� Of course translating the text to some languages may be difficult because not all words or structures always have their direct equivalents in the language. For documenting basic vocabulary, the Swadesh list is often used (see: Swadesh lists given in Chapter 2). Learn to use the Dart language and libraries. 0000003153 00000 n For example, one part of the Kiel Corpus of spoken language [8] was created by giving two speakers a different time table each and asking them – using a fake telephone line – to make an appointment that would fit both. Furthermore, it is often necessary to “look ahead” and already think about possible ways of analysis and archiving from the very beginning, before starting any work. Documentation and description of endangered languages Department of Linguistics at SOAS is an internationally recognised centre for research and teaching on endangered languages across the world. UNESCO’s “Levels of endangerment” discussed in Chapter 8 of the Book of Knowledge). To find out more about issues related to language documentation see two appendices to this chapter: References List of all languages referred to in the Book of Knowledge and other sections of the website. This initiative involves not only archiving data and metadata related to endangered languages but also development of linguistic archiving and tools, as well as methods of documentation. Release History. (see Chapter 2 and Chapter 4). On the other hand, recording speech outside the studio usually means difficulties in achieving good quality, even if we use excellent recording devices. H��SM��@��+�� k��a���@�d ��\vs�#� �����jufY�`YS�W����|�Ўɧ*��*�_I�� ��1E��_U��BuN2h�d�&d���a��;m�*1m�3����"+mL�O�{#1���W�+'Z#�#��e���N��gd&�bt�`�����˅���e�$�L�Q�7�^j2���o '��9b J8KmE#S�� ;u��E�z�ɾ�H��(�Y�a�E#Z���܌��H< ��%)v�mSx�Z�A��L��%�D~��RM�m �@�G��z[/Ec+k�:�P�n�����#�.ݟ�'��e-�Q��W��@w�-U*w��a��.����)+^��ΝԪ�6k��Q��4T�_��>f��L��^XK=�8�=�P�������~��8|��A��Q#�� 7����z9Nԭ��z�ڦ��h�{eC�q;46�2�a�e�'xq�G�z�׸u��n8��G�s{}���Ψ|9s�'� ���� Learn everything you need to know in this tutorial. Find information about this film (“The Linguists”) and additional materials on their website! An interesting example is also the JST/CREST database of spontaneous and expressive speech [9]. The Go Memory Model. 2. 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